I don’t believe in investing just in growth or just in dividends
I think a combination of growth and dividends is the best way to invest. All you really need for growth is $VOO and $VGT. Anything else you want is extra.

This allows you to take more risk elsewhere and try different strategies.
100% agree with this Yan. You get the benefit of both worlds when you invest in growth and dividends. Individual stock picking is a learned skill and art, many new investors overestimate their abilities to pick winners . “Don’t look for the needle buy the Haystack”

$VOO and $VGT give me peace of mind in the long run 🧘🏽‍♀️
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Growth ETF portfolio
Just designed a growth etf portfolio on M1 Finance that I will begin auto investing into soon. I chose etfs with a good historical growth and in industries that I think will be good long term. The portfolio consists of $TAN $VGT $ENFR $QCLN $COMT $IWF $VDE
ETFs are the way to go! I think they are a great means for Investors to gain portfolio exposure to specific sectors, styles, industries, or countries without necessarily possessing all the necessary expertise in those areas. As a passive and relatively new investor, I see great value in the ability of ETFs to offer lower operating costs than traditional open-end funds, flexible trading, greater transparency, and better tax efficiency in taxable accounts.
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My investing strategy
My long term investing strategy consists of mostly ETFs. I like to use M1 Finance because I can group multiple ETFs and stocks together into pies essentially creating my own ETF. ETFs are great because they can provide safety and consistency.
Here’s the break down of my pies on M1 Finance:
30% Income ETF: this pie includes ETFs that pay a high dividend yield and 2 that are tax advantaged. This includes $EVT $QYLD $RYLD $XYLD $HDV $DVY $HTD $JEPI $NUSI $UTG
25% Growth ETF: this includes ETFs with growth potential and different objectives and holdings. This includes $ENFR $DGRO $SCHD $VGT $EELV $VNQ
25% MLP: this includes master limited partnerships. These are a different type of investment that can offer high returns and tax advantages. This includes $AB $CEQP $EVA $MPLX $MMP $USAC
20% Dividend growth ETF: this is my own ETF I made of stocks with growth and consistent dividends. This includes $AAPL $ABBV $ABR $APTS $AVGO $BLK $BAC $BCE $BMO $BP $BXMT $CAT $CSCO $CVX $ENB $EQR $ESS $HRZN $HTA $IIPR $JPM $KB $KIM $KO $LYB $MMM $MO $MPW $MSB $MSFT $NEWT $NKE $O $OHI $OKE $PRU $RY $SBLK $SKT $STAG $STWD $TD $TGT $VZ $WPC $XOM
I use my Fidelity account to pick individual growth stocks and my TD Ameritrade account to swing trade.
Strategy: growth and income, mix of high and moderate risk
Dividend yield: 5.95%
Last year return: 12.29%
M1 Finance total holdings: 68 (16 ETFs)
Thanks for sharing about your ETF strategy—

I think I remember hearing a bit about your Master Limited Partnership investing a while ago. I forget, what we’re the tax benefits associated with those?
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Dividend shopping
Purchases for today in my dividend portfolio: $AB $VGT $EVA $MPLX $EVT $RYLD $DGRO $XYLD
Gannon Breslin's avatar
$171.3m follower assets
ROTH IRA vs. TRADITONAL IRA
This is one of the most requested newsletters I have made to date. If I received a dollar for every time someone DM’d me on twitter asking me about what an IRA is I would have been able to contribute to 2021 by now. I will “try” to keep it brief but also make sure I cover all the “need to knows” because these investment vehicles are extremely important and can be a major driving force for your retirement. If you don’t have an IRA already I highly recommend looking into them and this newsletter is a great start. Take control of your own retirement today because nobody else is. Again, I am NOT a financial planner, CFP, professional retirement planner, etc. All information below is information I have gathered from articles, the IRS website on IRAs, and books I have read on the subject matter.

Grab a cup of coffee this is going to be a long one but it can change your life so its worth the read. I apologize in advance for the novel but there just simply isn’t a short way to cover this topic.

To start let’s go over some crucial terms that have to be understood before reading this newsletter.

Tax Deferred - This is income tax that is deferred or “put off” to a later time.

Deductible Contribution - The contribution made by the individual to the IRA is pretax and deductible on your tax returns.

Non Deductible Contribution - The contribution made by the individual to the IRA is made with after tax dollars and therefore cannot be deducted from your taxes.

Contribution - Yearly amount of money you put into your IRA.

BOTH ROTH IRA & TRADITIONAL IRA
There are a lot of things that a ROTH IRA and Traditional IRA do that are the same. To start, an IRA is an “individual retirement account” in which the sole purpose of the account is to grow your earned income with with tax advantages that you won’t find in a normal brokerage account. Remember, in a normal brokerage account you can be taxed heavily off of short term capital gains (realized gains that you incur buy selling a stock by not holding over a year) which can be up to 37% depending on your filing status (married, single, etc.) and tax bracket. Although much less, you will also be taxed on long term capital gains (selling a stock after holding it more than a year). An IRA is a retirement vehicle that has specific tax advantages for individuals. For both Traditional and Roth, If you are younger than the age of 50 you can contribute up to $6,000 per year. If older, you can contribute up to $7,000 per year. Something that is also common in both the Roth IRA and Traditional IRA is this is a retirement account and all contributions can not withdrawn before 59 1/2 years old. For a Roth there are some exceptions but that will be lower in this newsletter. Contributions made to both IRAs start January 1st of each year and end on tax day of the following year (April 15th). So for example, right now you can still contribution to your 2020 contribution until April 15th, 2021. If you haven’t done this DO IT! Once April 15th, 2021 passes no contributions can be made for the 2020 slot again. Later in this email I will go over why it is so important to try to contribute to every year possible to the max.

Major Differences
One of the biggest differences between the Roth IRA and the Traditional IRA (also likely a main reason why a person might choose one over the other) is how much income in a single year you are allowed to make to still be able to contribute. To make it more interesting, this isn’t normal gross income that is used in these limitations. What is used is called “MAGI” or “modified adjusted gross income”. In the IRS’ infinite wisdom this calculation is NOT on your tax return so you or your CPA have the lovely fortune of calculating this yourself. Long story short, “MAGI” can be defined as your household’s “AGI” adjusted gross income with any tax-exempt interest income and certain deductions added back. For someone who isn’t doing anything to crazy, usually the MAGI is very similar to your AGI number. For a Traditional Ira, there is no income limitations - meaning that no matter how much money you make in the year you are allowed to contribute. With a Roth Ira you have boundaries on your earned income. If you make too much money in a given year you will not be able to contribute for that given year. Here are these limitations charted below. Obviously, if you file as “single” in your tax returns and make more than 40k a year or married and make jointly more than $208k MAGI then a Traditional Ira is the choice for you not a Roth IRA.

Roth IRA Contribution Limits (Tax Year 2021)

So let’s go over some of the basic differences below…

Most important principles are fully bolded.

Roth IRA
  • You may not be able to contribute based of your income (income boundaries are displayed above)
  • Contributions are made from income that is already taxed (I.E. contributing a part of your paycheck that is already taxed)
  • Contributions are NOT tax deductible
  • Earnings and capital gains from investments can be TAX FREE upon withdraw if after 59 1/2 years old (this is a HUGE deal)
  • Contributions can be made after 70 1/2 years old if earning income
  • If you are the original owner you do not have to start withdrawing money from your IRA at a certain age past retirement, you can leave all your assets in your ROTH in full to your beneficiaries/heirs
  • Cannot be converted to a Traditional IRA

Traditional IRA
  • There is NO income boundaries for contribution. This means no matter what your income is you can contribute to a Traditional Ira
  • Contributions are made from income that is pre tax or post tax…
  • How can you invest pre tax? You can invest pretax dollars in your Traditional IRA in the sense that money you contribute is tax deductible, but you have to wait to file your taxes, unlike pre tax contributions to an account like a 401(k)
  • As said above, contributions can be tax deductible. For all the John McAfee’s out there, I’m sure a light bulb just came on. Let me pull the plug. Your deductions are capped based off of… you guessed it, your MAGI. Otherwise people would contribute whatever they possible can to lower their taxable income as much as they can. How else would Uncle Sam take your hard earned money if that was allowed?!
  • This is where it gets a little tricky. If you are covered by an employer-sponsored retirement plan you may or may not be able to have your contribution be tax deductible based of your income. Again, this “deductibility” is based off of your MAGI and you can find the details for this info here.
  • Income and capital gains from investments are tax deferred until withdraw
  • All of these withdrawals from a Traditional IRA are included in your gross income, which are subject to federal income tax but since they are tax deferred you will likely be in a lower tax bracket than your prime earning years at retirement!
  • Cannot contribute if older than 70 1/2 years old
  • You must start taking distributions (with drawing money form your IRA) by April 1st following the year in which you turn age 72 (70 1/2 if you reach the age of 70 ½ before January 1, 2020) and by December 31 of later years
  • With a Traditional IRA, you can convert to a Roth IRA but not vice versa

DANGER ZONE
  • Do not contribute over your contribution amount for your Roth IRA. IRS will likely find out and you will be hit with a nice fine at withdraw. Tax laws impose a 6% excise tax per year on the excess amount for each year it remains in the IRA. If you already know you accidentally contributed too much bring it up with your CPA to withdraw the correct amount. Every year you wait the wound will get bigger and bigger.
  • Do not contribute if you do not have earned income for that year. IRS will likely find out and you will be hit with a nice fine at withdraw very similar to the story above. Capital gains, passive income from DPPs, alimony, child support, pension payments, dividend income are NOT earned income.
  • Do not withdraw funds before 59 1/2 in either Traditional or Roth IRA. IRS will most definitely find out and you will be hit with a 10% penalty on top of getting the income tax treatment that you were trying to avoid in the first place.

IRA “Loopholes”
  • Money withdrawn for first time purchase of a principle residence if you are a first time homebuyer (up to $10,000). Oddly enough, the IRS defines “first time” as purchasing a residence with the past two years. For instance, if you purchased a principle resident 5 years ago you may be eligible for the $10,000 withdraw. Again, to stay safe I would consult a CPA, CFP, or/and your IRA brokerage before doing this.
  • Account holder has become disabled or passed.
  • For principle residence withdraw if your IRA is a Roth Ira the account must be made at least 5 years following your first contribution.
  • There is a thing called a “Backdoor Roth” which I am not going to cover here. Long story short if you make too much money to contribute to your Roth IRA there are ways /accounting measure you can take. Google it if need be.
  • If you are older than a certain age (50 for Roth) you can be eligible for “catch up” contributions in which you can contribute more than your filed status.

How do I actually start an IRA?
Many brokerages allow individuals to create a Roth Ira/Traditional IRA on their platform. To just name a few are: TD Ameritrade, E*Trade, Fidelity, Ally, Charles Schwab, Vanguard. It is pretty straight forward but you set up an account and fill out the form and make sure you choose Traditional or Roth IRA vs. a normal brokerage “cash” / “margin” account. If you are confused, you can call a representative and they will walk you through it. I use TD Ameritrade because that is where my personal investing (non retirement) account is. I like to have both accounts under one roof so I can stay on top of it. Since I am a very active investor, I personally trade a lot in my Roth but that is only something I recommend for more seasoned investors. My investing style is different in each account because one is for retirement which keeps me more on the conservative long term side.

Why you should start NOW!
You have probably heard it before, but the real key to investing is the compounding effect. If I have a $10,000 dollars and I have a 10% return for the year then at the end of the year you gained $1,000 so now you have $11,000 in the account. If they next year I perform 10% again I will end with $12,100 in the account for that year and so forth. On top of this, dividends are incredibly crucial to a retirement account. If you have DRIP turned on (dividend reinvestment plan) for your stocks that means every time a company that you own pays out its dividends it will automatically buy more shares or a fraction of those shares in stock. Over time this can reap massive gains in your account. Again you are going to have your IRA for likely decades so compounding effect and DRIP is a big deal. Another thing that an IRA inherently makes an investor do is “time in the market” vs. “timing the market”. If you invest your contribution every year you are effectively following a DCA method. DCA stands for “Dollar Cost Averaging” in which you are investing a certain amount of money no matter what on a scheduled basis. Of course you could technically contribute to your IRA and have the money just sit in the account and not make any stock/ETF/mutual fund purchases but in my opinion that would defeat the whole purpose of starting an IRA in the first place. I make it a goal to invest my contribution by years end every year because I am a full believer in time in the market vs. timing the market especially when it comes to such a long time horizon such as saving for my retirement. Nick Maggiulli (@dollarsanddata on twitter) writes and absolute masterpiece on DCA method vs. lump sum and very accurately shows how much better it is to not try timing the market when investing. If you are interested in that article you can find it here.

So what’s the rush?
Let’s look at some data. If you got a job at 18 and started fully contributing to your Roth IRA every year on out and let’s assume your portfolio grew 7% every year - by the time you are 60 you are looking at $1.48 MILLION dollars that you can withdraw with ZERO taxes on it. I used 7% because that is generally the figure that finance institutions use as the historical yearly average rate of return of the S&P 500 (including inflation). As you can also see you saved over $928,000 in taxes that you would have encountered in a personal non IRA account.

Now let’s compare that to starting your Roth to fully contribute at 25 and 35. As you will see below, that is a difference of $593k and $1.07 million assuming the same 7% rate of return.

What I am trying to convey is every year matters especially when you are younger. Each year you miss a contribution when your young has a compounding effect of missing future gains in your IRA. Again, all figures above are abstract, although the historical average rate of return of the S&P 500 is 7% that is not by any means a guarantee moving forward.

How do I buy and what do I buy?
Just like a personal account, you can buy shares of stock, index ETFs, mutual funds, and other instruments in your IRA. Many individuals treat their IRA as a “set and forget” investment strategy so I highly recommend looking into Vanguard Index ETFs. ETFs or “Exchange Traded Funds” are essentially a large basket of stocks that represent a specific sector, market index, etc. that are grouped into one fund that you can buy shares of. By buying an ETF you are buying small pieces of many companies. Here is a list of Vanguard ETFs. Again, each ETF will have a “ticker” symbol. This is the symbol that you will type in on your brokerage. Vanguard has very well known ETFs like $VOO (S&P 500 etf), $VTI (total stock market), $VYM (high dividend yield), $VGT (high growth tech) to only name a few. Individuals like Vanguard ETFs because of their low cost (expense ratios usually ranging between .04%-.07%), safety (vanguard has been around for decades), and reliability to track the underlying index. Mutual funds can be an attractive choice looking for a leg up on the market and wanting to outperform the total market (S&P 500, Nasdaq, Dow, etc.). The trade off is high maintenance fees which can be upwards of 2%! Think about it this way… if $VOO performs 8% in the year and XYZ mutual fund performs 8.75% who had a better year if 2% is then taken off the top? However, you can strike gold and have the next Peter Lynch of Fidelity investments be your mutual fund manager and perform and average of 26% per year over a 13 year tenure. In that case yes a 2% expense ratio is WELL worth it. But again, we are talking about one of the ALL TIME GOATs in portfolio management. It is of my personal opinion, but I see mutual funds only attractive when trying to diversify and investing in foreign and emerging markets. As an American living in America it can be hard to get a real grasp of these foreign markets and a mutual fund that specializes in studying and analyzing these companies in these other regions can be of a great advantage.

Last but not least
If you are like me you are seeking a greater performance than 7% in your IRA. I didn’t start contributing to my Roth IRA until I was 21, but luckily or skillfully I have managed to outperform the the overall index considerably which make up for the missed years. Just having a basic understanding of fundamental stock analysis can land you investing in a company that greatly outperforms the S&P 500 which can do numbers for your IRA. In a way that is the ultimate goal of my newsletter and twitter - not to get you to just start investing but to get you to out perform the S&P 500 by .01% every day. Why such a small amount? There are 253 trading days in a year and if you outperform by .01% you land at an outperformance of 2.53% per year. Ok so who cares? Below you will see what an outperformance of 2.53% or an average rate of return of 9.53% can do for your Roth IRA.

Disclaimer: Again this is assuming you outperform the 7% historical average by 2.53% and you start contributing at 18. If starting at 25 you are looking at $1.6 M with the same performance. All numbers and figures displayed in this newsletter are fictional returns and not guaranteed.

So for everyone that got this far - TL, DR.

Start your IRA and figure out which one is best for you. Who knows if social security will still be around in decades to come.

This is your retirement and future, act accordingly.

Have a good start to the week,
REBEL (Gannon)

If you enjoyed this article I would be greatly honored if you gave it a share on Twitter or signed up for my newsletter for future financial education topics and discussions like this. My Rebel Market's Newsletter
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Gannon Breslin's avatar
$171.3m follower assets
MY BIG MOVES TODAY
Well folks, I trimmed my $TSLA position again by 50%. Pigs get slaughtered and I am not bearish on the company nor the CEO. I am bearish on the stock price for 2021 at these levels. $TSLA rose to almost 15% of my portfolio (again) and the number one position - since it lies in my Roth I tend to play more safe when it comes to my non ETF positions.

Bought more $AMD - pressing my winners, I see 120+ this upcoming year with the sales from video game consoles.

Bought more $MSFT - looking technically sound and like $AMD should see some big numbers with this holiday season.

Bought $SHOP ! HUGE NUMBERS in e commerce and I am riding this wave - article here going over this

Bought more $QYLD - dividends on dividends

Bought more $VGT - Great ETF by Vanguard, holds many positions I hold or want to hold in the tech sector

HAVE A GOOD DAY YALL
Gannon Breslin's avatar
$171.3m follower assets
Investment Philosophy
My Investment philosophy breakdown:

Speculative growth stocks ($ETSY $PTON) -> fortified big cap longs ($AAPL $MSFT) -> index funds ($VGT $QYLD $VYM) -> real estate

I take profits, rotate into the next safer phase, and don’t look back.
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