The Collapse of Silicon Valley Bank
The below piece comes from my weekly market recap and outlook article. Understandably so, this article is very long as it touches on everything that has happened in the crazy last week. Obviously, $SIVB was the key to last week, therefore I wanted to share the portion of that article that goes over the events on Thursday and Friday. Full read is in the link above!

"Then Thursday came around, and the situation that we’ve all been watching unfold for days now had kicked off.

The day started green, lead again by mega-caps and hope that higher-than-expect jobless claims could be followed by a weaker-than-expected nonfarm payrolls reading on Friday.
Initial jobless claims for first week of March increased by 21,000 to 211,000 compared to a consensus of 198,000. Continuing claims increased by 69,000. This was the highest claims level since December and teased the idea of some labor softening. However, current claims levels still are at levels that are indicative of a tight labor market overall.

The opening was short lived as bad news and price action in the banking space weighed down the market.

The S&P 500 cut under its 200 day moving average and closed near lows for the session in a steady and broad based sell off.

Bank stocks took the bulk of the losses as concerns about rising rates, higher deposit costs, and weaker loan demand collided with the news that Silvergate Capital ($SI) is voluntarily liquidating and that SVB Financial Group ($SIVB) sought to raise capital through the sale of marketable assets at a loss and a potential stock offering to combat their increased cash burn.
The second part of that last paragraph was the main trigger of worries about the state of deposits and capital positions for smaller banks that drove major selling interest.
Ultimately, things break when the Fed is in an aggressive tightening cycle, and banks, whether or not they are involved in a specific problem, will get pulled into the downfall regardless of their roll.

Treasury yields also fell lower that day, yet stocks did not respond in the opposite way. This leads us to believe that the flight to treasuries was more of a flight-to-safety than anything else.
Friday opened considerably lower and kept that theme up for most of the day. The employment report brought some good news with nonfarm payrolls being strong and average earnings growth being weaker, but the SVB Financial situation was by far the largest driver of price action. A broad sell off brought the S&P 500 under 3,900 on big volume.

Silicon Valley Bank was shut down by the FDIC in the late morning. This is the second largest bank to get shut down by the FDIC since Washington Mutual in 2008.

The FDIC also created the Deposit Insurance National Bank of Santa Clara to protect insured depositors of $SIVB. This news followed earlier reports that the Founders Fund (Peter Theil’s VC fund) had advised companies to pull their money out of the bank and that deposit outflows were outpacing the process of selling SVB to a prospective buying banks.

Wide concerns about SVB’s troubles and their potential contagion effects continued the flight-to-safety in the Treasury markets on Friday.

Most views from analysts so far are that SVB’s situation won’t be a systematic banking problem given how well capitalized the system is. That said, the market saw a rebound effort squished after it was reported the SVB was being shut down. The market lost their hold and broad based selling picked up putting the S&P 500 to a low of $3,846.

The sudden collapse of SVB could leave billions of dollars belonging to companies and investors stranded. As of the end of 2022, SVB was the 16th largest bank in the US with just over $200B in assets. Their tech and start up focus has felt the brunt of the aggressive interest rate hikes by Fed.

The Treasury bond assets they sold on Thursday incurred a $1.8B loss as the value of those bonds fell with the rising rates, the value of their hold to maturity assets have incurred an even larger, though unrealized, loss.

The main office and all branches will reopen on Monday and all insured depositors will have full access to their insured funds. That is good news, however, roughly 89% of the banks $175B in deposits were uninsured as of the end of 2022. What happens to these funds is anyone’s guess.

We can assume that the FDIC is working this weekend to find a bank that is willing to acquire SVB. A merger by Monday could secure the safety of those uninsured deposits, but no deal is certain.

I have seen headlines that Roblox Corp ($RBLX) and Roku Inc ($ROKU) have hundreds of millions deposited with the bank. With most of these funds uninsured, share prices have dropped by a considerable amount.

Collectively, the banking sector has lost over $100B in stock market value from Thursday and Friday, with European banks also feeling some pain. Some analysts are forecasting more pain for the sector as hidden risks become more clear.

All eyes will be on the FDIC and if they are able to secure an acquirer for SVB or if they will be forced to liquidate the bank."
Nathan Worden's avatar
Great play by play



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